Nepal’s first and most famous national park (Chitwan National Park) is situated in the Inner Terai lowlands of Chitwan. Covering an area of 932 sq. kilometers the park includes hilly areas of the Shivalik Range covered by deciduous trees. Parts of the park are floodplains of rivers Narayani, Rapti, and the Reu, covered by dense tall elephant grass, forests of silk cotton, acacia and Sisam trees. Chitwan National Park was officially established in 1973 and included as World Heritage Site in 1984.
Chitwan National park is shelter to the last endangered Asian species like the one-horned rhinoceros and the Royal Bengal tiger. Other animals found here are the leopard, sloth bear, wild boar, rhesus monkey, grey langur monkey, wild dog, small wild cats, bison, the four species of deer and other small animals. Chitwan National Park is also home to 450 species of bird and hence is ideal for bird watching. In summer the forest is alive with nesting migrants such as the fabulous paradise flycatcher, the Indian pitta and parakeets.
In addition to these there are number of Jungle safari excursions like Canoe ride, Chitwan Tharu Cultural Show, Chitwan Tharu Village Tour, Sunset Viewing and Bicyle Tour to Chitwan Elephant Breeding Centre.
The Park has a range of climatic seasons each offering a unique experience. October through February with average temperatures of 25oc offer an enjoyable climate. From March to June temperatures can reach as high as 43oC. The hot humid days give way to the monsoon season that typically lasts from late June until September, rivers become flooded and roads are impossible.
In late January, local villagers are allowed to cut thatch grasses to meet their needs, which offer a better viewing of wildlife for visitors. Also, between September and November and February and April, migratory birds join the residential birds and create spectacular bird watching opportunities. While the monsoon rains bring lush vegetation, most trees flower in late winter. The palash tree, known as the “flame of the forest’ and silk cotton tree have spectacular crimson flowers that can be seen from a distance.
The Chitwan National Park has a tropical monsoon climate, with height humidity all through the year, and three main seasons.
March to early June are the traditional hot months, with temperatures rising progressively to a peak in May. During April, despite the heat of the day the nights can be quite cold. South – westerly winds prevail, and relative humidity is lowest in March.
Towards the end of May the pre-monsoon storms set in. Dark clouds mass in the afternoons, with thunder and lightning and high winds. If rain falls, it comes in late afternoon showers lasting perhaps only fifteen to twenty minutes. As May changes into June the showers come with increasing frequency.
When the monsoon proper begins, around the middle of June, it is another story. From then until late September the moisture-laden south-easterly winds weeping up from the Bay of Bengal bring heavy rain, and of the annual total of some 80 inches, more than 80 per cent falls in these three months.
Precipitation is not normally continuous, and often, in any monsoon month, there are as many dry days as wet ones. During the monsoon humidity is extremely high.
Winter lasts from October to the end of February. The northerly winds are cool, coming down from the mountains, and this is the best time of the year to see the Great Himalayan Range, the air being particularly clear in November.
January is the coldest month, with temperatures falling almost to freezing-point, especially when it rains. From late November the relative humidity touches 100 percent in the mornings, and so there is dewfall during December and January nights and sometimes when you hear the drips pouring off the trees in the morning, it is often mistaken for rain. After an especially cold morning it is hard to believe that the temperature will rise to 20-25 Celsius in the afternoon.
• Elephant ride through the jungle to see the one horned Rhinos and maybe a Bengal tiger
• Jungle walks
• Boat trip in a dug out canoe on the Rapti River (if your lucky you will see a crocodile)
• Early morning Bird watching
• Ox and cart trip to visit local areas
• Visiting Elephant Breeding Centre
• Bicycle tour to many lakes in the jungle where all kinds of animals can be spotted
• Jeep drive in the jungle for those who don’t like to bike
• Jeep for transport to other destinations inc bus parks
• Experience the music and dance of Nepal at the Tharu Culture Programme
• One day trek to Saktikhor Hill to see traditional hills and lakes
• Visit to the Tharu Culture Museum
To see Sal forest and open grass land; Bird watch: to spot local and migratory birds in Nepal; to see wild animals.
To see the village and life of Ethnic people ‘Tharu’.
Elephant Breeding Center with lots of domesticated elephants
To see wild life: One horned Rhinoceros, different types of deer, wild boar, wild bison, monkeys, sloth bear, leopard, and Royal Bengal Tiger (if lucky)
Canoeing in River Rapti
Traditional dug-out canoe: Riverside scenery; Aquatic birds; endangered crocodiles locally known as Gharials and Magars
A jeep drive through grasslands, riverside forests, and Sal forests to Kasara.
Visit to Gharial Hatchery Farm
Conservation of endangered Gangetic crocodiles known as Gharials or Mugars, eggs are hatched, brought up, and released into rivers.
A cultural program from Tharus in their traditional colourfull costumes. The variety includes famous stick dance and dance with guests.
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It is the most popular Wild Life Safari Park in Nepal. It is easily accessed. It is five hour drive from Kathmandu or Pokhara and regular air flights from Kathmandu and Pokhara. Please find the activities and itinerary.
Day 01: Lunch upon arrival; Village Tour and unset view from beach of Rapti river; Dinner at the hotel.
Day 02: Jungle walk after early morning Tea/Coffee. After breakfast: Canoeing and Trip to Elephantbreeding center; after lunch, Elephant ride. Evening: Cultural program and Dinner around the camp firing.
Day 03: Bird Watching (or extra elephant ride) after early morning tea/coffee.8.00 AM: Breakfast 9.00 AM: departure to Kathmandu or Pokhara or Lumbini or else where.
Jeep drive to Kasara; Gharial Hatchery Farm; visit to Bis Hajari Lake.
The actual program will be given to you on your arrival at resort. Please note that the activities are adjusted to the season and weather conditions.
Day 01 :Kathmandu – Chitwan 5-6 hours
Transfer from Kathmandu along the scenic Prithivi highway In Chitwan, you’ll be met by a tour representative who will take you to your hotel for a welcome drink and time to freshen up. You’ll get a safari briefing by your nature guide while having lunch. Enjoy a short rest, before visiting a village of the ethnic Tharu people. Take a short hike through the village and visit the museum. Watch the sunset from the riverbank, before dinner and a program of Tharu Culture.
Day 02 :Full day at Chitwan National park
After breakfast, you will go for canoeing in the Rapti River on traditional dug-out canoe spotting different mammals/birds. You shall also visit the elephant breeding center and learn about the breeding process and how elephants are taken care of. Later on you are most welcome to give a little scrub to the elephant during the elephant bathing program at the nearby jungle river. After lunch, we will go on an elephant safari on the back of an elephant to trace animals in the wild accompanied by your naturalist.
Day 03 :Jeep Safari and other jungle activities
Wake-up call at dawn around 6 AM and quietly go for a little walk to spot different species of birds that the park shelters. Later on return back to the resort where breakfast will be ready. Lunch will be at noon. on a jeep and go for an exhilarating jeep drive deep in the jungle again for sightings of more animals such as monkeys, one-horned rhinos, deer, wild boars etc and even ‘Tiger’ if luck favors.
Day 04 :Drive to Kathmandu / Pokhara / Lumabni
After your breakfast in the morning and you shall be transferred to the bus station for the drive back to Kathmandu/Pokhara /Lumbani at 9 AM.
How to Get Chitwan National Park?
By Land :
Chitwan is easily accessible from major cities of Nepal like Kathmandu, Pokhara and Lumbini. There are several Tourist Bus services to and from Chitwan. Buses are also available directly from all entry points from India.
By Raft :
You will get to Chitwan National Park by rafting on the Trishuli River.
By Air :
It is 25 Minutes flight from Kathmandu to Bharatpur Airport from where you will be transferred to lodge in a Jeep. Lodge is approx 25 min drive from the airport.
Best Time to visit Chitwan National Park:
Chitwan National Park – October to May, Bird Watching – December to March. Maximum temperature can reach up to 95 Fahrenheit (35 C) in April through September. November through February are cooler months with average temperature around 67 Fahrenheit.
There are certain rules and regulations of the Chitwan National Park that the visitors of the park are supposed to follow in order to visit the park. The regulations of the park are outlined here below:
An entry fee of NRs. 1500/- (Foreigners), NRs. 750/- (SAARC), and NRs. 100/- (Nepalese) per person has to be paid at the Park’s Entrance Gate.
Flora and Fauna of the park are fully protected and must not be disturbed at any cost.