Limi is a remote Trans-Himalayan Valley in north-west Nepal bordering Tibet. It consists of three villages: Til (4100 m elevation) in the west; Jhang (3930 m) in the east; and the biggest village, Halji (3700 m), in the middle. These three villages are situated on the banks of the Karnali river.
Limi has a cold semi-arid climate according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Summers are short and rainfall very sparse. Winter is marked with regular snowfall.
Geography & Climate
Language & Speech
Although Nepal’s national language is Nepali but for Limi people Nepali is second language. Very few of villagers can speak good Nepali. That is because of people speak only Tibetan in daily basis and only few moment like documents work in government office and business with other. Tibetan language speak in Limi is seeming quite different. So, They and some other communities call this language “Limi Kye”; which means Limi language, but actually that language is same Tibetan. Tibetan language has so many dilation and They speak Tibetan with accent based on Central Tibetan. According to Nepal Trust NGO’s research said Limi’s Tibetan is much closer and cleaner than other Himalayan communities to central Tibetan.
Limi is named after people living in there. The name is Tibetan word (pronounce like “Le”) means land between two rivers in Tibetan. and (pronounce like “Mi”) means people. (Le-Mi) means people living or situated on land between two rivers. Later on some kind of mispronounced and written like Limi.
According to legends, Long time ago many Tibetan come to do business between Nepal and Tibet border and some Tibetan traders settled in Limi because of its strategic location. Since they settled in between two rivers; they are called “Le-Mi”.
Traditionally and culturally, Limis have strong ties to the tibetans. There is a long tradition of trade and cultural exchange between this part of Nepal and Tibet. Due to its remoteness to other parts of Nepal and district headquarter Simikot, people living in Limi still rely on trade with Tibet.
There are three villages in Limi – Til, Halji and Jhang. Til is closest village of Limi towards the main border point of Hilsa. Halji located in the middle of limi. And Jhang meets other side border to Burang, Tibet.
Situated approximately at 4100 meter high altitude, surrounded by barley fields and at western side of Limi Valley, is a Til Village. Til is name derived from a hill of Til village; where villagers used to live there before. People are called “Til-Wa”.
Entrance to the village is a small wooden bridge, after which the path passes through a two-footed Stupa. At the right side of village, a easily falling water which provides the water supply as it going down of the village. The houses are well constructed from dry stone and conversing with neighbors. A Large Prayer Wheel house and telephone room at 1st floor is located at the center of the village. Tila or Til village is most least population village of Limi villages, of around 30 families living in there. More than 300 years aged monastery called Kunzum Do-Nag Choeden Monastery is situated right crossing easy falling water.
Jhang situated at altitude of 3930 meters from the sea level. And it is easternmost and well situated village according to geographical than two other villages. The village is neatly arranged in two clusters separated by fields and the main public road along the valley. Around 250 years age of Gompa (Monastery) is prominently located above the village. It has almost 100 families population. There is not much agricultural land around village but huge hinterland of Yak, Sheep & Goat grazing areas located in the deep gorge of upper Limi valley to the north and east side of this village. Nomadic settlements are temporary put up for herders during season on those grazing lands. It touches other side of border to Tibet, China. And That makes them more easy to transport than other two. It is set alongside and facing the river (one of the tributaries of River Karnali) on the gently sloping north side of the valley amidst terraced barley fields.
Halji village is situated about 3750 meters from the sea level and located between Tila and Jhang. it is the biggest village in Limi Valley with about 130 households. The central focus of the village is the more than 800 ages old historical Gompa (Monastery) where many religious festivals and rituals are performed. It is the monastic headquarter of Limi Valley. Name of village is also derived from a hill ancestors used to live. And then shift to present area due to safety from nature disaster. like Til Village, buildings are of dry-stone construction with more inter-linking flat roofs than Til; providing easy communication between neighbours.
Limi is a close knitted society with high regard for the family. Though there is no class structure, two distinct groups can be found on the basis of family size and ancestry. Limi people still follow their ancient way of life that has remained unhindered despite political turmoils and changes that have occurred in rest of the country.
Source of Living
For many centuries Agriculture and animal husbandry has been the primary source of living in Limi. Recently Trade and commerce have also been playing a vital role. Limi’s proximity to china has been of immense help to local businesses. Many small scale enterprises have also sprung up. Another major economic activity for limis had been the production of wooden bowl. These wooden bowls prepared in limi are circulated throughout Tibet from the border town of Burang. Limi’s high altitude and harsh climate poses many difficulties for agriculture. Farming is only possible in the months from April to October. Small scale Terrace farming is widely practiced with only enough output for self-consumption. traditional farming practices are followed and the use of machines and chemical fertilizers are non-existential. Yak and zo manure is used. Barley, green peas, radish and cabbage are grown. Animal husbandry is a part of life in Limi. all of the grasslands are far from the villages as most of the land in and around the village is used for farming. The Limi people rely heavily on animals for everyday needs. Yak, zo, horses, sheep and goats are raised. These animals are herded to various grasslands depending on the season. Yak is the most useful of these animals its milk and meat is used for nourishment; its fur is used to make threads, tents, ropes, sacks, clothes, quilts and rugs; its hide is used to make bags, drums and shoes; it also is an excellent beast of burden. Yak is also in demand for its meat in and is regularly sold for high prices. Historically the men of Limi have always been traders, this can be partly attributed to the fact that basic commodities like salt and flour could not be locally obtained. Cross border trade with Tibet has been prevalent for centuries. Barter trade was the norm of the day and wool was sent from Limi in exchange for salt. This salt was then traded in Humla. Today much of the face of the trade has changed. An average Limi trader fares much better than his predecessors, in that the scope and magnitude of the business has increased. Wooden handicrafts like bowls and traditional tables are sent to Tibet in exchange for essential food items.
People in the valley are sustained by simple agriculture and traditional way of trading across the border of wooden handicrafts and hand made goods.
Due to its remoteness, There are so many things which recall some age ago Tibet’s Condition. People in there are still following old way of system. It is also a popular destination for high altitude hiking trails.
Limi Valley trekking trail firstly introduced in 2002 among foreigners. Stunning valley and ancient Tibetan culture is the most fascinating of the trail. Marmots, wolves, wild yaks, blue sheep, wild horses, barking deer, musk deer, Himalayan black bears and the elusive snow leopard can be seen. Villages at shoulder of hills offer a chance to explore the hidden chapter of Limi Valley. Entering Limi Valley is like stepping back in time. Even sightseeing of an 11th Century Gompa and century old Buddhist traditions interwoven with shamanistic influences are still an important part of daily life here are real witness of history is key point why to step in Limi Valley.
Halji Rinchenling Monastery
Built by the famous Translator Lotsawa Rinchen Zangpo, the Halji Rinchenling Monastery serves as the Spritual Headquarter of the Trulku Senge Tenzin Rinpoche now. The monastery belongs to the Drikung Kagyu School of Tibetan buddhism just like all the Monasteries in Limi Valley. The monastery boast of artefacts and tradition that has been passed down since the time of Lotsawa Rinchen Zangpo himself. It is said that of the 108 Monasteries and Stupas he built across the Entire Himalayan Region, the Halji Rinchenling Monastery Stands at 108th. Recently, this monastery has been in danger of destruction due to effects of climate change. A Glacial Lake situated up on a cliff overlooking the Halji Village has threatened the very survival of the Village and the Monastery itself.
Limi is a valley in Humla District in the Karnali Zone of north-western Nepal. As of the 1991 Nepal census, it had a population of 988 persons living in 169 individual households.
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Day 01: Arrive in Kathmandu. (1335 meters)
A representative from Nepal View Trekking Pvt. Ltd. trekking with the company’s display board will greet you outside the arrival terminal and transfer you to your Hotel.
Day 02: Sightseeing and Trek Preparation .
A half day guided tour to several of historical and spiritual attractions enlisted under the World Heritage Sites. The trek leader will meet the group for a meeting and provide a detailed briefing on the trek. All the required information regarding the trek would be provided.
Day 03: Fly to Nepalgunj.
Fly to Nepalgunj, one of the major city of the southern part of Nepal. The city is very hot and humid and a different experience than Kathmandu.
Day 04: Fly to Simikot (2950 meters)
Simikot is a scenic flight of 45 minutes away from Nepalgunj. Simikot airport is a typical Nepali mountain airport and the village itself is one typical nepali mountain village.
Day 05: Trek to Dharapuri (2300 meters)
An hour climb leads to pass and another hour of steep drop leads to Majgaon. Now the trail stays comfortable and undulates for the next couple hours and leads to Dharapuri. (4 hours)
Day 06: Trek to Kermi (2670 meters)
This is a short day as the trail undulates but continuously follows Karnali River all the way up to Kermi. There are hot springs nearby the village, where an leisurely afternoon can be enjoyed. (3 hours)
Day 07: Trek to Yalbang (3020 meters)
The first couple of hours of the day is on comfortable terrain but consistently gains elevation and reaches a small pass. A steep descent leads to suspension bridge and leads through the forest to Yalbang. (5 hours)
Day 08: Trek to Tumkot (3380 meters)
The trail leaves Karnali river and climbs towards Yangar. After Yangar, the trail gets a bit rocky and goes on to cross Karnali once again on a wooden bridge. A climb follows and after a good couple of hours , gets to Muchu. Another hour finally leads to Tumkot. (5 hours)
Day 09: Trek to Yari (3700 meters)
Most part of this day is spent climbing and includes some steep section as well. In more than 3 hours, the trail passes through Pani Palwang and then in less than 2 hours the day ends at Yari.
Day 10: Cross Nara La (4620 meters) and trek to Hilsa (3720 meters)
Cross Nara La (4620 meters) A hard day as the trek today passes a 4600 meters Nara La. It takes around 4 hours to get to the top another 2 hours of steep descent to Hilsa.
Day 11: Trek to Manepeme (3990 meters)
The day starts with a crossing of yet another bridge and another climb for a short period. Afterwards, the trail continuously undulates and follows the Karnali River all the way upto Manepeme. (5 hours)
Day 12: Trek to Til (4000 meters)
Another climb of around 4 hours takes to Lamka La at 4300 meters. A detour en route to the pass leads to a medication cave. From the pass, it takes another one and half hours to the village of Til. Vegetations can be observed once again at Til. (6 hours)
Day 13: Trek to Halji (3660 meters)
An easy and very short day to Halji. The terrain is slightly uphill but still very comfortable throughout the day. (3 hours)
Day 14: Trek to Jang (3930 meters)
Another easy day follows as it takes only 4 hours following the Limi River to get to Jang. (4 hours)
Day 15: Trek to Talung (4370 meters)
One of the two hardest day of the trek and also marks the treks entrance into the wild. There are no more villages and civilization for the next couple of days. However, the trail is quite steady but gradually keeps climbing the whole day. (8 hours)
Day 16: Cross Nyalu La (4949 meters) and trek to Shinjungma (3620 meters)
The hardest day of the trek but the best day for the views. A very tough and hard uphill climb of around 5 hours takes to the 4900 meter Nyalu La. Stunning 360 degrees view with views of Tibet can be enjoyed at the top. The holy mountain Kailash of Tibet (6714 meters) and Saipal of Nepal (7031 m) being the pick of the lot. The trail drops to Selma Tso Lake and further continues going down to Shinjungma. (8 hours)
Day 17: Trek to Talung Kermi (2670 meters)
A steep drop leads to Sali Khola, which goes on to meet Karnali River again and finally to Kermi. (7 hours) Day 18: Trek to Talung Simikot (2950 meters) The trek retraces the same way back to Simikot. (6 hours)
Day 19: Fly to Nepalgunj and continue to Kathmandu.
We take the early flight to Nepalgunj and connect with an onward flight to Kathmandu
Day 20: Free day at Kathmandu.
A leisure day in Kathmandu which can used for an early morning mountain flights to Everest or can extended into further more tours to Nagarkot, Dhulikhel etc. Further adventure activities like rock climbing, hiking, biking around the Kathmandu valley with bungee jumping, rafting near the valleys can be done on this free day. (This is also spare day in case of cancellation of flights)
Day 21: Departure.
A representative from Nepal View Trekking Pvt. Ltd. will check your flight tickets and transfer you to the airport before two hours from your flight with a hope of seeing you again in the future. (Breakfast included)
ALL ITINERARIES CAN BE CUSTOMIZED AT YOUR REQUESTS ACCORDING TO YOUR CONVENIENCE.
Limi valley trek is one of the most remote trek of Nepal and situated in far west and northern part of the Nepal which is also one of the poorest district of Nepal and very close and relatively similar as Tibet.
Limi valley is the hidden valley of Nepal and a stepping-stone to Mount Kailash in Tibet. Many Nepalese, Indian pilgrimage as well as few tourists use to go Mt. Kailash and Mansarovar Yatra from this route every year.
Simikot (2,900m) capital town of Humla district where the old salt trading route to Tibet is still very actively existing and still people following the same route as a classical trade system. The trail threads along towering green cliffs above the roaring Karnali River, passing clusters of flat-roofed mud houses, encountering amazing and hardworking rural people some of whom practice polyandry, occupy the highlands.
For this trek, Trekkers should be qualified as reasonable level of physical fitness as moderate to strenuous day trip. Accommodation on this trek is two person sharing tents and basic standard food, not hot shower and laundry services along the trek so trekkers have only opportunity of cold water only.
Limi Valley Trek is a combination of the most culturally fascinating places in all of Nepal, The salt trading route, the last north western border to Tibet, Hilsa town, the dry landscapes, beautiful mountain range, Limi valley Buddhist culture, glacial valley, Nyalu pass, Tshom Tsho lake, treeless valley, mountain villages are major highlights of this trek.
All our trips are tailor made trips with personalized services. Please let us know the number of participants in your group, your choice of hotels and amendments in our itinerary, if any, so that we can quote you the price.